An Al Wana performance relies on the singer’s melodic voice to create a mood of sadness, longing and calm. Sometimes, Al Wana is performed by two singers who take turns exchanging lines of verse. Often, Al Wana performers will incorporate verses of Nabati poetry, which uses colloquial Arabic.
Generally, Al Wana is presented as part of a traditional Al-Ayyala dance. As with other traditional performances, Al Wana is a common feature of celebrations and special occasions, including national and religious holidays.